Basic Vs Applied Research: Key Differences

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To assist research students in finding the information they need, a wide variety of research methodologies are available.

To assist research students in finding the information they need, a wide variety of research methodologies are available.

Basic research, which contributes to the advancement of current knowledge, and applied research, which offers a remedy for an issue already in existence, are the two main research techniques that are frequently employed.

You can select the approach that is finest for you to apply in your next study by being aware of the differences between these two sorts.

In this article, we define fundamental research and applied research, give each an example, and go over how they differ from one another.

What is fundamental science?

Basic research, also known as fundamental research, is a category of inquiry aimed at enhancing knowledge of a certain occurrence, field of study, or natural law.

Data are examined in this kind of research to uncover the unknown and pique interest.

These often ask "how," "what," and "why" inquiries to describe events.

Basic research examines how ideas or processes function.

Applied studies frequently have a foundation built on information from basic research.

Samples of fundamental research

Basic research examples include the following:

  • An investigation on the effects of alcohol on the brain
  • A project to identify the components of human DNA
  • Research examining whether increased stress leads to aggression
  • A study examining the connection between gender stereotypes and depression
  • A research project looking into the causes of cancer
  • A research project on oak tree growth
  • An investigation into the elements that make up a proton
  • A research looking at where the greatest rain falls in the US
  • A study comparing the healthiness of a vegetarian diet to one that includes meat
  • A study on how cryptocurrencies were created
  • An investigation on the varieties of kiwis growing in Chile

Advantages of performing basic research

  • Increasing knowledge through fundamental research can offer a number of advantages.
  • The following are some benefits of performing fundamental research:
  • Recognizing living things and their processes                                 
  • assisting in future planning by preparing society for potential problems
  • laying the groundwork for applied research
  • resulting in medical progress

How does applied research work?

A sort of investigation known as applied research looks for workable solutions to problems that already exist.

Challenges in the workplace, in school, and in society can be among them.

This kind of research gathers further data about a subject of study through empirical approaches, such experiments.

After a study is finished, its findings are usually applied and put into practise.

The goal of applied research is to provide a customer or sponsor with an answer to a particular question.

It's a form of study strategy for enhancing human welfare by using natural sciences in everyday situations.

Three categories of applied research exist:

Action research: By directing companies, action research aids in the discovery of useful solutions to issues.

Evaluation study: In evaluation research, researchers examine available data to support customers' decision-making.

Research and development: Research and development concentrate on developing fresh goods or services to satisfy the demands of a target market.

Applications of research

Here are a few scenarios that could be used in applied research:

  • A study on how to reduce teenage illiteracy
  • A research project looking at how to sell to millennials
  • An investigation towards reducing fraud on social media sites
  • An investigation on methods for enticing high school graduates to enrol in college
  • A study to determine how to extend the life of car tyres
  • A study looking into inexpensive gluten-free meal preparation
  • A research study on how to treat insomniacs
  • An investigation into techniques to increase dental practise patient retention

Applications of research benefits

Applied research offers several advantages beyond helping to resolve current issues. You can seek Research Paper help from SourceEssay to understand its benefits.

The following are some benefits of applying research:



  • making better judgments for businesses can save them money.
  • establishing fresh goals
  • creating innovative goods and services
  • providing objective information by evaluating empirical evidence


Basic Vs Applied Research

There are several ways to find specific knowledge, including basic and applied research.

Researchers that employ these techniques support their study hypotheses with inductive and deductive reasoning.

In both basic and applied research, researchers frequently employ identical data collection techniques, although their final objectives differ.

The following are some variations between fundamental and applied research:

Adding to existing information versus discovering new knowledge

Researchers seek to address any knowledge gaps because curiosity drives them to do basic research.

Research of this kind aims to advance knowledge and form hypotheses.

Finding fresh information is the main goal of applied research.

When basic research offers a theoretical framework to support applied research, the two frequently overlap.

Practical vs theoretical nature

While knowledge gleaned from applied research can help solve specific problems, information gleaned from basic research can aid in the development of theories.

Applied research is seen as a more useful research method because it aids in issue solving.

Basic investigation, however, can assist researchers in formulating hypotheses and forecasts.

Commercial versus informational gain

Applied research typically has more of a commercial benefit while basic research aids society in learning more about a certain topic of study.

This is due to the fact that applied research has the ability to generate financial advantage and can aid in the development of new goods.

Governments and businesses frequently prefer applied research to basic research.

Since it explains why certain events occur, basic research is more common in disciplines like sociology, biology, astronomy, philosophy, and theology.

Specific versus global scope

Since basic research may be applied to many different concepts, it is more widely applicable than other types of study.

However, applied research frequently has a more narrowly focused benefit because it concentrates on tackling a single problem.

When should you employ applied research instead of basic research?

Both fundamental and applied research can be useful tools for learning what you don't know, but they each function best in specific circumstances.

When you're looking for solutions to general, theoretical concerns, basic research can be of assistance.

This form of research is usually done when you want to add to the body of knowledge and make predictions.


When you're seeking to find a solution, applied research is typically more helpful.

Here, you can apply what you learned to create new technologies and enhance current ones.

When conducting this study, it is best to have a precise question in mind. You can also avail online assignment help from SourceEssay experts who help you in conducting the study.

When deciding what kind of research to conduct, take into account if your goal is to add to or uncover previously undiscovered knowledge in order to address a problem.